Ravi Mosurkal, Romy Kirby, Wayne S. Muller, Jason W. Soares and Jayant Kumar
Green Chem., 2011, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C0GC00376J, Paper
A novel class of boron-containing siloxane copolymers (polyborosiloxanes) was synthesized by simple environmentally friendly methods. A boron containing monomer, specifically phenylboronic acid (PBA), and imide forming monomers, specifically aromatic dianhydrides 4,4′-oxydiphthalicanhydride (Oxy) and 1,1,4,4-tetracarboxylicphenyldianhydride (DAH), were employed to make terpolymers with propylamino-terminated polydimethylsiloxane (A12-PDMS). The terpolymer synthesis was carried out using various PBA:Oxy and PBA:DAH compositions ranging from 0:1 to 1:0 mole ratios. The thermal and flame retardant properties of the novel polymers were investigated. Intermediate ratios of both PBA:Oxy and PBA:DAH resulted in optimal thermal stability and flame retardancy. These novel terpolymers are promising candidates as environmentally-safe, non-halogenated alternatives to traditional flame retardant polymers.